Current situation and the Government of Japan's response
Overview of the earthquake disaster and the Government of Japan's response
- (1) Around 14:46 on March 11, a massive earthquake with a magnitude of 9.0 struck Sanriku Coast, Japan. The ensuing tsunami swept across many cities and villages along the Pacific coast of the Tohoku district, causing tremendous human and structural damage. In Miyako City, Iwate Prefecture, tsunami waves of over 8.5 meters high (maximum) were observed. Tokyo also observed tremors with a seismic intensity of 5-strong, but damage there was relatively modest. On April 7, an earthquake of magnitude 7.1 occurred, with its epicenter off the coast of Miyagi Prefecture. On April 11, a 7.0-magnitude earthquake struck, with its epicenter in the Hamadori area, Fukushima Prefecture.
- (2) Immediately after the earthquake, the Government of Japan set up its emergency headquarters with former Prime Minister Kan at the helm, making all-out efforts for search and rescue, assisting evacuees, and reconstructing various lifelines, in liaison with all government bodies and local governments. Efforts have also been being made by the whole government to support the early recovery of people's lives and economic activity. On March 17, for example, the Cabinet Office set up the Headquarters for Special Measures to Assist the Lives of Disaster Victims. On April 11, the Cabinet decided to assemble the Reconstruction Design Council in Response to the Great East Japan Earthquake.
- (3) Sympathies have been expressed and assistance offered from around the world. So far, rescue teams, medical assistance teams, and disaster relief teams from 23 countries and regions as well as the United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC), the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), an International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) team of experts, and the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) have arrived Japan and have been in operation. Also, the U.S. Forces in Japan are extending assistance.
- (4) The earthquake and tsunami resulted in emergency situations including failure of the reactor-cooling systems in TEPCO(Tokyo Electric Power Company)'s nuclear power stations in Fukushima Prefecture. Responses have been taken with regards to these situations. (For more information, please refer to Ensuring safety of nuclear power stations.)
- (5) The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) has been undertaking coordination with respect to acceptance of foreign rescue teams, etc., communication with the diplomatic corps and the foreign press corps, and confirmation of the safety of foreign nationals, among other measures. Japan's overseas missions are accepting relief money from private organizations, etc., of foreign countries.
- (6) On April 1, the Government of Japan decided, in the form of a Cabinet approval, to use the name "Great East Japan Earthquake" to refer collectively to the disasters due to the Tohoku - Pacific Ocean Earthquake on March 11, 2011 and the resultant nuclear plant accidents.
- (7) On April 4, three high-ranking MOFA officials visited four prefectures affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake, with former State Secretary Chiaki Takahashi going to Iwate, former Parliamentary Vice-Minister Makiko Kikuta to Miyagi, and former Parliamentary Vice-Minister Hisashi Tokunaga to Fukushima and Tochigi for purpose of the Ministry's future activities in the wake of the quake. On April 23, former Minister Matsumoto visited Minami-Sanrikucho, Miyagi Prefecture, along with Prime Minister Gillard of Australia, who was visiting Japan, to encourage those who suffered from the disaster. On May 10, former Parliamentary Vice-Minister Kikuta visited Fukushima Prefecture.
- On May 11, former Minister Matsumoto hosted a "Thank-You Gathering" at Iikura Kokan, inviting members of the diplomatic corps and international institutions stationed in Tokyo, and those working on assistance activities including NGO personnel, etc.
- On May 21, when the leaders of China and South Korea, who were in Japan to attend the Fourth Japan-China-ROK Trilateral Summit Meeting, visited the afflicted areas and evacuation centers in Sendai City and Fukushima Prefecture, former Minister Matsumoto accompanied them. (click here for the summary of the Fourth Japan-China-ROK Trilateral Summit Meeting.)
- (8) On June 25, the 12th meeting of the Reconstruction Design Council in response to the Great East Japan Earthquake was held. At the meeting, a report of recommendations entitled, "Towards Reconstruction - Hope beyond the Disaster," was adopted and handed to former Prime Minister Naoto Kan by Dr. Makoto Iokibe, Chair of the Council.
- (9) The Reconstruction Headquarters in response to the Great East Japan Earthquake was established pursuant to the Basic Act on Reconstruction, which was put into force on June 24. The Headquarters announced the outline of the Basic Policy for Reconstruction from the Great East Japan Earthquake and the finalized Basic Policy for Reconstruction from the Great East Japan Earthquake on July 21 and 29, respectively.
- (1) The earthquake and tsunami devastated Tohoku and other regions. Damages were inflicted in Kanto district, too. The number of deaths is 15,774, the number of injured is 5,929, and the number of missing is 4,227 (as of September 7 according to the National Police Agency). The number of those evacuated is 78,852 (as of August 25 at 18:00 according to the Fire and Disaster Management Agency).
- (2) Power, gas, and water supplies were disrupted in many areas, mostly in the Tohoku region. Roads, railways, airports and other infrastructure were also severely damaged. Almost all roads have been reopened, including the Tohoku Expressway, most of the Joban Expressway as well as national highways. Railways are also back in operation. On April 29, services were resumed at all sections of the Tohoku Shinkansen Line. Sendai Airport resumed operations from April 13 and normalized domestic flight operations on July 25. About 53 percent of the 21 ports in prefectures along the Pacific coast, from Aomori all the way down to Ibaraki, have already been restored. Progress has also been made in the construction of temporary housing, allowing evacuation centers in Iwate Prefecture to be closed by the end of August. The whole nation has been working towards rehabilitation.
3. Sympathies from countries and regions around the world
- (1) Many sympathies, as well as expressions of solidarity, have been offered from countries and regions around the world as well as international organizations, including in the form of video-messages (YouTube United Nations Videos).
- (2) Prime Minister Noda had telephone talks with President Obama of the United States, President Medvedev of Russia, and Premier Wen of China.
Former Prime Minister Kan had telephone talks with President Obama of the United States, President Lee Myung-bak of the Republic of Korea, Prime Minister Gillard of Australia, President Medvedev of Russia, Prime Minister John Key of New Zealand, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon of the United Nations, President Sarkozy of France, President Van Rompuy of the European Council, Prime Minister Singh of India, Prime Minister Cameron of the United Kingdom, Chancellor Merkel of Germany, and Premier Wen of China. Former Prime Minister Kan also had talks with visiting President Sarkozy of France, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao, ROK President Lee Myung-bak, President Gnassingbe of Togo, President Yudhoyono of Indonesia and Vice President Biden of the United States, and a working dinner with Prime Minister Gillard of Australia, and received a courtesy call from Director General Amano of the IAEA, Secretary of State Clinton of the United States, International Relations and Cooperation Minister Nkoana-Mashabane of South Africa, Permanent Member of the Secretariat of the Communist Party Sang of the Viet Nam Central Committee, Senator Inouye of the United States, Prime Minister Puna of the Cook Islands, Chairman Sohn Hak-kyu of the ROK Democratic Party, Chief of Staff of the Presidential Executive Office Naryshkin of Russia, Admiral Mike Mullen, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the United States, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs Thongloun of the Lao People's Democratic Republic, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon of the United Nations and others.
In addition, former Prime Minister Kan visited France and Belgium to attend the G8 Summit 2011 in Deauville, and had talks with Prime Minister Viktor Orban of Hungary, President Sarkozy of France, Prime Minister Harper of Canada, President Obama of the United States, Prime Minister Cameron of the United Kingdom, Chancellor Merkel of Germany and President Medvedev of Russia. On the occasion of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Follow-up Meeting in Tokyo, former Prime Minister Kan received a courtesy call from three dignitaries of the co-organizers: United Nations Development Programme Administrator Helen Clark, United Nations Children's Fund Executive Director Anthony Lake, and World Bank Managing Director Mahmoud Mohieldin.
- (3) Minister for Foreign Affairs Gemba had a telephone talk with Secretary of State Clinton of the United States and expressed the appreciation of the Japanese government for the country's support.
As shown below, former Minister for Foreign Affairs Matsumoto released the information on the disaster and expressed the appreciation of the Japanese government for their support in speaking opportunities such as meetings with foreign dignitaries and international conferences.
August: First Vice Prime-Minister Babanov of Kyrgyz Republic, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs Thongloun of the Lao People's Democratic Republic, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon of the United Nations, Quebec Premier Charest of Canada, Commissioner-General Grandi of the UNRWA. July: Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi, Vice President Xi Jinping and State Councilor Dai Bingguo of China, the three co-Chairs of the Transitional Committee for the design of the Green Climate Fund, Admiral Mike Mullen, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the United States, the 12th ASEAN Plus Three Foreign Ministers' Meeting, Japan-ASEAN Foreign Ministers' Meeting, Foreign Minister Rudd of Australia, Foreign Secretary Albert del Rosario of the Philippines, Foreign Minister Baird of Canada, the 18th ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) Ministerial Meeting, Secretary of State Clinton of the United States, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade Zandanshatar of Mongolia, Director General Amano of the IAEA. June: Foreign Secretary Espinosa of Mexico, Permanent Member of the Secretariat of the Communist Party Sang of the Viet Nam Central Committee, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Follow-up Meeting, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Administrator Clark, International Relations and Cooperation Minister Nkoana-Mashabane of South Africa, the Fourth Meeting of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the V4 countries and Japan ("V4+Japan"), Foreign Minister Martonyi of Hungary, Foreign Minister Wanna Maung Lwin of Myanmar, External Affairs Minister Krishna of India, Foreign Minister Shanmugam of Singapore, the Tenth ASEM Foreign Ministers' Meeting (FMM 10), Foreign Secretary Albert del Rosario of the Philippines, President of the Chamber of Deputies Ramirez of Mexico, Minister of Planning and International Cooperation Hassan of Jordan, President Gnassingbe and Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Ohin of Togo, Chairman of the CDU/CSU parliamentary group in the Bundestag Kauder, new ROK ambassador to Japan Shin Kak-soo, Prime Minister Puna of the Cook Islands, President Yudhoyono and Foreign Minister Marty of Indonesia, Japan-U.S. Security Consultative Committee (2+2), Emeritus Senior Minister Goh Chok Tong of Singapore, the 41st Mercosur Summit Meeting, President Lugo of Paraguay, Foreign Minister Moreno of Chile, Minister of External Relations Patriota of Brazil. May: The Third TICAD Ministerial Follow-up Meeting, Japan-EU Economic Ministerial Meeting, Prime Minister Leterme of the Kingdom of Belgium, President Barroso of the European Commission, Commissioner Dalli of the European Commission, Secretary General Rasmussen of NATO, Commissioner Barnier of the European Commission, Prime Minister Cameron of the United Kingdom, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade Kim Sung-hwan of the ROK, Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi of China, Foreign Minister Kefi of Tunisia, Deputy Prime Minister Hoang Trung Hai of Viet Nam. Prime Minister Najib of Malaysia, Foreign Minister McCully of New Zealand, Minister of Foreign Trade and Tourism Ferreyros of Peru. April: Foreign Minister Westerwelle of Germany (twice), Foreign Minister McCully of New Zealand, The Special ASEAN-Japan Foreign Ministers' Meeting (Foreign Minister Marty of Indonesia, Foreign Minister Kasit Piromya of Thailand, Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Hor Namhong of Cambodia, Foreign Secretary Albert del Rosario of the Philippines, Mr. Phongsavath Boupha, Minister to the Presidential Palace of Laos), Foreign Minister Timerman of Argentina, Foreign Minister Patriota of Brazil, Secretary of State Clinton of the United States (twice), Minister of International Relations and Cooperation Nkoana-Mashabane of South Africa, Vice-Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs Asselborn of Luxembourg, Secretary General Gurria of the OECD, Prime Minister Gillard of Australia, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Trade and Immigration Polye of Papua New Guinea, Minister of State for International Cooperation@Al-Attiyah of Qatar, Minister of Foreign Affairs Milososki of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM), Foreign Minister Rudd of Australia, Minister of Foreign Affairs Abdullah of the United Arab Emirates. March: Foreign Secretary Hague of the United Kingdom, Secretary of State Clinton of the United States (three times), Foreign Minister Rudd of Australia, Foreign Minister McCully of New Zealand, Foreign Minister Lavrov of Russia, High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy of the European Union (EU) Ashton, Foreign Minister Juppe of France, Foreign Minister Patriota of Brazil, Director General Amano of the IAEA, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade Kim Sung-hwan of the ROK, Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi of China, Foreign Minister Marty of Indonesia.
4. Emergency assistance from overseas countries and regions
- Map of rescue teams' operations [PDF]
- Schedule of Operations of Rescue Teams from Foreign Countries, Regions and International Organizations [PDF]
- List of Relief Supplies and Donations from Overseas [PDF]
- Donations Received by the Japanese Red Cross Society from Other National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
- (1) So far 163 countries and regions as well as 43 international organizations have expressed their intentions to extend assistance.
- (2) So far, rescue, medical support and disaster relief teams from 24 countries and regions (Australia, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Mexico, Mongolia, New Zealand, Philippines, the ROK, Russia, Singapore, South Africa, Switzerland, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Taiwan, Turkey, the U.K., the U.S.), as well as the UNDAC team, the UNOCHA, FAO, an IAEA expert team, and the WFP have arrived Japan and have been operating in disaster-stricken areas. (The list includes countries and regions which have already left the site.) Surveys have been conducted by UN organizations and other institutions related to disaster relief. Japan has received relief goods and donations from countries and regions throughout the world, as well as from international organizations.
- (3) On the evening of March 11, former Foreign Minister Matsumoto formally requested U.S. Ambassador Roos for the assistance of the U.S. Forces in Japan. U.S. Forces have been conducting large-scale aid activities (Operation Tomodachi), with about 20 ships and about 160 aircraft as well as over 20,000 personnel (at their peak). (More information)
- (4) Australia's C17 aircraft has been providing transportation assistance in Japan, and urgently transported a special pump needed for cooling TEPCO's Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant from Australia.
- (5) Medical relief teams from around the world have carried out operations in Japan.
- (6) Japan's overseas missions are accepting relief money for this earthquake. As of July 15, 2011, a total of about 8,020 million yen has been received (the figure represents the sum converted into yen at official exchange rates). The aggregate amount received at Japan's overseas missions does not represent the total relief money from the countries and regions concerned; donations of relief money are also made directly to the Japanese Red Cross Society or through local red cross and red crescent societies, as well as through many other channels. Relief money received at Japan's overseas missions is sent, via the Japanese Red Cross Society and other organizations, to local public entities, which in turn distribute the relief money among the affected people. NGOs, private companies and individuals around the world have extended or offered numerous donations and/or assistance. At least 43 NGOs from 16 countries are known to have arrived in Japan to date.
The Japan Platform (JPF) , a Japanese NGO, has announced that it will act as a point of contact for overseas NGOs' relief operations in Japan, in collaboration with the Japan NGO Center for International Cooperation (JANIC) . Japanese NGOs for international cooperation that belong to the JPF are engaged in relief activities in the afflicted areas.
Information from the Immigration Bureau
Relating to the Great East Japan Earthquake
Information includes the followings:
- Confirming the safety of victims ( inquiries on departure facts )
- Opening times of the immigration offices
- Consultation service relating to Tohoku - Pacific Ocean Earthquake Disaster
- Immigration control measures for extension of the period of stay and other related matters in accordance with the occurrence of Tohoku - Pacific Ocean Earthquake Disaster
- (1) Diplomatic corps in Tokyo and staff members of international organizations have been confirmed safe. The Consulate General's office of the ROK in Sendai (the only foreign mission in six prefectures of the Tohoku district) has confirmed the safety of its staff members.
- (2) The safety of JICA trainees and visitors under the programs of Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Japan Foundation has been confirmed.
- (3) Information regarding the safety of foreign nationals living in the Tohoku district is being gathered in liaison with related ministries and organizations, respective embassies in Tokyo, travel agencies, and other institutions.
- (4) The Japan Red Cross and the International Committee for the Red Cross have established websites ( http://www.familylinks.icrc.org/ ) to confirm the safety of foreigners living in Japan.
- (5) List of the Local Governments in Tohoku district (Earthquake Information Inquiry [PDF] )
To Foreign Nationals Who Wish to Postpone Their Visit to Japan owing to the Great East Japan Earthquake
Foreign Nationals Wishing to Enter Japan with Expired Certificate of Eligibility due to the Great East Japan Earthquake (Termination of Special Measure)
Students Wishing to Re-enter Japan without a Re-entry Permit due to the Great East Japan Earthquake (Termination of Special Measure)
For Those Who had been Staying in Japan with the Status of Residence "Technical Intern Training" or "Trainee" and Left Japan without Obtaining a Re-entry Permit due to the Great East Japan Earthquake
- Legal Counseling for Foreigners(Japan Federation of Bar Associations)
- For Foreign Nationals unaccounted for in connection with the Great East Japan Earthquake (March 16, 2011)
- Extension of the period of validity of the re-entry permit to Japan (March 23, 2011)
- Acceptance of Relief Money through Japan's Overseas Missions in Response to Tohoku - Pacific Ocean Earthquake (March 16, 2011)
- FAQs: Japan nuclear concerns (WHO)
- The Release of Low-Level Contaminated Water into the Ocean from the TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (April 9, 2011)
- Basic facts regading radiation exposure, general information on decontamination methods, etc (National Institute of Radiological Sciences)
- Reading of environmental radioactivity level (Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology)
- Map: Radioactivity level by prefecture (Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry)
- (1) After the earthquake and tsunami, control rods have been inserted immediately in the 11 reactors which were in operation in Miyagi, Fukushima, and Ibaragi Prefectures, automatically suspending power generation.
- (2) With respect to TEPCO's Fukushima Dai-ichi and Dai-ni Nuclear Power Stations in Fukushima Prefecture, a Nuclear Emergencies Situation was declared, and evacuations and introduction of emergency measures are undertaken.
- (3) Regarding the present situation at TEPCO's Fukushima Dai-ichi and Dai-ni Nuclear Power Plants, please refer to the Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency .
- (4) Concerning the accident and troubles at TEPCO's Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Plant, Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency (NISA) of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry changed the International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale (INES) provisional rating from Level 4 to Level 5 for some Units, as follows.
- TEPCO's Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Plant Units 1, 2, and 3: Level 5 (provisional rating)
- TEPCO's Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Plant Unit 4: Level 3 (provisional rating)
- TEPCO's Fukushima Dai-ni Nuclear Power Plant: Units 1, 2, and 4: Level 3 (provisional rating)
- (5) On April 12, NISA gave a provisional INES rating of Level 7 to the event at the TEPCO's Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Plant in the aftermath of the Tohoku - Pacific Ocean Earthquake on March 11, 2011, based on the information it had obtained since March 18.
This new assessment does not mean that the situation in TEPCO's Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station is aggravating. The new assessment is a result of our latest calculation, based on newly obtained data of the total amount of radioactive substances released, in accordance with the IAEA criteria. Moreover, most of the radioactive substances were released during a few days following the accident and the airborne radiation dose has been gradually declining. For example, in Tokyo, its radiation dose has never reached to the level which would affect the human health. It has been declining steadily. The current data shows that it has returned to an approximately normal level. We will continue to radioactive monitoring.
Compared with the Chernobyl accident, the reasons and the aspects of the accident at TEPCO's Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station are different. First, while the reactor itself exploded at Chernobyl, the reactors at the Fukushima automatically shut down and there was no large-scale fire at the site. The release of radioactive substances is limited. The IAEA also points out that the accidents are different in this regard. Secondly, the total amount of radioactive substances released from the TEPCO's Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station at present is estimated to be far less than that of the Chernobyl. Thirdly, there is no casualty by radioactive damage and is no health problem caused by radiation among those residents in the vicinity of the TEPCO's nuclear power station. (more information: Major Differences between the Chernobyl accident and the accident at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station [PDF])
International institutions such as International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), International Maritime Organization (IMO) and World Health Organization (WHO) have made objective assessments that the excessive measures such as general travel restriction to Japan are not needed.
- (6) On April 17, TEPCO announced the "Roadmap towards Restoration from the Accident at TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station" at the instruction of Prime Minister Naoto Kan. The roadmap aims to bring the levels of radiation into a steady decline in about three months and, in another three to six months, control the release of radioactive materials and significantly suppress radiation levels.
- (7) On May 17, TEPCO put together the status of the progress of the "Roadmap towards Restoration from the Accident at TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station". (Current Status of Roadmap as of May 17 )
- On July 19, "Roadmap towards Restoration from the Accident at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station" was revised. ( Points of Progress Status [PDF(264KB)] Current Status [PDF(608KB)] Progress Status [PDF(0.97MB)] )
- (8) The Government of Japan has explained the situation to the diplomatic corps in Tokyo and foreign media, and is providing necessary information to the IAEA in a timely manner.
- (9) On June 1, the IAEA International Fact-Finding Expert Mission submitted to the Government of Japan the preliminary summary of a report to be completed by the Mission. (Preliminary Summary [PDF])
- (10) On June 7, the Government of Japan released a report titled "Report of the Japanese Government to the IAEA Ministerial Conference on Nuclear Safety - the Accident at TEPCO's Fukushima Nuclear Power Stations -" to the IAEA Ministerial Conference on Nuclear Safety, which is to be held between June 20-24 in Vienna. (This report is available on the web page of the Prime Minister's Office. )
- (11) On June 20, a report of the IAEA International Fact-Finding Expert Mission which visited Japan from May 24 to June 2 was submitted to the IAEA Ministerial Conference on Nuclear Safety.
1) Government of Japan
- Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (Information on food safety)
(Monitoring of radioactive contaminants for agricultural, livestock and fishery products, etc)
- Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (Information on Nuclear Power Plants)
- Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
- Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (Information on water supply and food)
(Detection of radioactive materials in tap water, instructions associated with food by Director-General of the Nuclear Emergency Response Headquarters, etc)
- Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (Information on transportation)
- National Institute of Radiological Sciences (Basic facts about radiation exposure, etc)
- Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency (Press releases)
2) International organizations
- Joint FAO-IAEA-WHO statement on food safety issues following the TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi nuclear emergency
- Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
- International Air Transport Association (IATA)
- International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
- International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
- International Maritime Organization (IMO)
- World Health Organization (WHO)
- (1) Following the accident at TEPCO's Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Plant, some countries and regions have expressed some concern on radioactivity level in Japan.
- (2) The Ministry of Foreign Affairs has been providing the authorities concerned in countries and regions throughout the world with sufficient information on the current state of the nuclear power plant and the measures Japan is taking in relation to the accidents.
1. Government of Japan
- Cabinet Secretariat
- (The Reconstruction Design Council in Response to the Great East Japan Earthquake)
- Cabinet Office
- Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
- (Information for students and researchers in Japan, etc)
- Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (Information on transportation, etc)
- Japan Meteorological Agency
- Japan National Tourism Organization ( JNTO ) (Japan Travel Updates)
2. International organizations
- United Nation's Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs ( OCHA )
- Relief Web
3. Local authorities
4. Others3.11 Tsunami Debris