Japan Information & Facts

Japan is a stratovolcanic archipelago consisting of 6,852 islands. The four largest islands are are Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu and Shikoku, along with the Ryukyu Island Chain, which includes Okinawa. The country is divided into 47 prefectures in 8 regions and has a population of 126 million, the world's tenth largest. The Greater Tokyo Area, which includes Tokyo and several surrounding prefectures, is the world's largest metropolitan area with over 35 million residents and the world's largest urban economy. With a varied and vibrant cultural history dating back to the Late Stone Age, Japan is a living mix of the modern and the traditional.

Here are some basic facts about Japan:

  • Capital: Tokyo (東京)
  • Climate: Varies from tropical to temperate
  • Currency: yen (¥)
  • Emperor and Empress: Akihito and Michiko
  • Prime Minister: Shinzo Abe
  • Education: Compulsory through junior high school
  • Government: Constitutional Democracy
  • National Anthem: Kimigayo (His Majesty's Reign)
  • National Flag: Hinomaru (Sun Disc)
  • Official Language: Japanese
  • Population: 126,919,659 (as of July, 2015)
  • Weights and Measure: Metric system
  • Total Area: 362,215 sq km (slightly smaller than California)
  • Average Internet Speed: 12.8 Mbps - #2 in the world
  • Writing Systems: Kanji (漢字), Hiragana (ひらがな), Katakana (カタカナ)
  • National Sport: Sumo, though baseball and soccer are extremely popular